There are so many programming languages in the tech industry, that for the average layman it can be overwhelming. Generally speaking, these languages are how we communicate tasks to a computer. They're a tool to help computers quickly and efficiently process data no matter how large or complex it may be. As technology evolves, so do it's languages. Whether you're looking for someone who can code or are interested in learning yourself, starting with a basic understanding of the languages used to code is important in order to stay up to date with most relevant methods of programming. For beginners, it's best to focus on languages that inherently teach basic computer science concepts. Languages that are dynamic and don't have any strict rules on how they have to be written tend to be the most suitable for those just beginning to dip their toes into the world of coding.
Here to help you get started, are 5 programming languages we recommend for beginners:
While HTML is considered the most basic and commonly known language, everyone has to start somewhere. Used to create web pages, HTML is a markup language that defines the structure and layout of various electronic documents. For example, when formatting the content on a website or email, HTML is utilized to ensure that both the text and graphics are displayed correctly.
Perhaps the most popular introductory language, Python is object oriented and used to integrate systems or automate tasks. Known for it's easy to learn syntax and flexible semantics, Python is a good beginners language because it focuses on readability. It's a script language that reads like English. With Python, programming is often more manageable because fewer lines of coding are required.
Ruby is also an easy to read general purpose scripting language and therefore similar to Python. It features a web application framework called Ruby on Rails that provides some shortcuts. While Ruby is more flexible when compared to Python, it is also less direct and explicit in it's approach.
Java gets it's syntax fro C and C++. (While these are more difficult to learn, they do impact most programming languages and as such are also a good way to place to start in order to grasp the basic concepts of multiple coding languages.) Java has it's own platform and is known for it's ability to run in any virtual machine or browser. It's a standalone programming language, and is statically typed; meaning it has more structure than the others listed above and needs to be compiled before it can be executed. At Number8, we connect companies with IT talent and software developers that are fully trained in product development. By encouraging talent to come up with creative solutions, they remain motivated and positively contribute to a healthy company culture. If you’re interested in learning more about Number8 and what we do, give us a call at (502) 890-7665, or check out our information page.
This makes Node.js very fast and memory efficient due to the way that the server handles a new request.
It does not create a new thread, instead it starts running asynchronously and is always ready to handle the next request. This consumes less memory and makes the server fast, but it is important to understand when this is useful and when it may not be the best approach for a given set of business needs. This approach does not work as well as other options when the application needs to perform a big, long, complex calculation but becomes very powerful when it is required to perform several actions at the same time or handle a high traffic load (horizontal scaling). It is important to note that the Sleep function will make the main single thread sleep, therefore putting everything to sleep! Apart from being fast and asynchronous, Node.js is also lightweight thanks to its modular approach. Node.js code can be seen as defined modules on ports. Common frameworks are heavy and contain all the references possible to use within that framework even if they aren’t used in a particular implementation. On the other hand, since Node.js defines modules, the references are only loaded when they are deliberately included (they need to be included with the ‘require’ keyword).
FrontEnd + BackEnd
Popularity & Community
After exploring some of Node.js’s characteristics, it shouldn’t be surprising to know that even big companies increasingly are choosing to use Node.js in production environments. Some examples: Netflix, LinkedIn, Walmart, Uber, PayPal and many more. Being popular and active in various production environments and companies makes Node.js a technology that has one of the most important advantages for any technology under evaluation, the community. Node.js has a very large and fast-growing community, thanks to its efficiency and its unique abilities. This helps because if an environment running Node.js presents an issue or needs diagnostics or maintenance, it is highly probable that someone else has already encountered the same issue, and the solution can be easily found and digested. A big community for a given technology means that there is a lot of support and documentation on the web, which can drastically shorten the time-to-resolution.
A big community gives rise to another advantage, Node.js has a package manager (NPM) available to facilitate downloading and using third party libraries. There are countless extensions in these libraries that offer solutions to most problems that a developer might face, reducing the learning curve or development time of the project.
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