Located in Central America, Costa Rica spans almost 20,000 square miles, with a population of over 4.5 million people. Officially known as the Republic of Costa Rica, this beautiful country is bordered by Panama, Nicaragua, the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
While Spanish is the official language of Costa Rica, many people in the country are also fluent in English. San Jose is the capital and biggest city, with nearly one out of four residents of Costa Rica living in or around the San Jose area.
10 Facts About Costa Rica
Whether you are planning a vacation or business trip to Costa Rica, or are simply interesting in learning more about this special country, here are 10 interesting facts to learn about Costa Rica:
- The average life expectancy in Costa Rica is about 79 years (compared to around 76 years in the U.S.).
- Costa Rica has a huge variety of birds. Estimates suggest that the country has upwards of 850 bird species. About two-thirds of the birds in Costa Rica are non-migratory, and the rest are passing through as they travel towards South America.
- Costa Rica is an environmentally progressive country ranked 5th worldwide by the Environmental Performance Index at Yale University. Costa Rica has met all the required criteria to measure environmental sustainability.
- Costa Rica is known for its volcanoes. The country is home to 6 active volcanoes and over 60 dormant ones. One of the most active volcanoes in the Costa Rica is the Poás Volcano in the Poás Volcano National Park.
- Soccer (or “futbol”) is the most popular sport in Costa Rica.
- Out of a total of 19 different countries, Costa Rica is ranked the safest country in Latin America by Latinvex. This makes Costa Rica a great place for visitors touring the country, and for businesses with offices in Costa Rica like Prosoft Nearshore.
- Costa Rica is divided into seven provinces: San José, Alajuela, Heredia, Cartago, Guanacaste, Puntarenas and Limon. The national capital and largest city is San José, which is located in the San José province.
- Costa Rica is home to one of the most famous cloud forests in the world. The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve in Costa Rica is the biggest cloud forest in all of Central America.
- National parks, wild life and nature reserves make up around 25% of the land in Costa Rica.
- The rainy season in Costa Rica starts in May and lasts through November. During the rainy season, rain showers are common especially in the afternoon.